Dangerous goods - Division Future Delivery of dangerous goods
Delivery of dangerous goods in Russia and around the world is our company’s priority area. Transportation of such goods as petroleum products: gasoline, methanol, kerosene, diesel fuel, fuel oil; acids, alkalis; coal, pellets; gases: propane, butane, iso-butane, iso-propylene and others. We carry out the shipment of dangerous goods in any volumes, using different types of transport: air transport, rail transport, sea freight liquid and container, as well as vehicles of various tonnage. During transportation, all clearance requirements are met, including customs and packaging and transportation standards. A high level allows you to safely and in a short time deliver any kind of dangerous cargo from the sample to the container shipment.

Below is the classification of goods with which our company works.

Hazard classes

Dangerous goods are those that meet the criteria of one or more UN hazard classes and, where applicable, one of the three packing groups. Each of the nine hazard classes corresponds to a specific hazard.

Some hazard classes are divided into subclasses (categories) due to the wide variety of properties within the class.

Hazard Class 1 – Explosives

Class 1 dangerous goods include:

  • Explosives

  • Explosive products

  • Substances and products not related to the first two items, made for explosive, practical or pyrotechnic effect.

Explosives are included in one of 6 categories (depending on the type of hazard they pose).

Explosives of Categories 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (with exceptions), 1.4F, 1.5, 1.6 are usually prohibited for transportation.

Compatibility groups for explosives.

Group Name BM Subclasses
1..1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6.
А Initiating explosives (TRS) +
В Products containing TRS and having less than two independent safety devices + + +
С Throwing explosives and products from them + + + +
D Secondary detonating explosives and articles thereof without means of initiation (SI) and propellant charges (MH) + + + +
Е Products containing secondary explosives SI and MOH, but MOH + + +
F Products containing secondary explosives SI and MZ or without MZ + + + +
G Pyrotechnic substances and products from them; articles containing explosives and lighting, incendiary, tear or smoke-forming substances + + + +
H Products containing explosives and white phosphorus + +
I Products containing explosives and flammable liquids and gels + + +
K Products containing explosives and toxic substances + +
L EXPLOSIVES AND ARTICLES THEREOF SPECIALLY DANGEROUS, REQUIRING ISOLATION OF EVERY TYPE + + +
S EXPLOSIVES or products packaged or constructed in such a way that, in the event of accidental operation, any hazardous manifestation is limited to the packaging itself +
N Products containing only detonating explosives are extremely insensitive (transported only with group S, and when transported with goods of groups C, D, E, these groups are considered to belong to group D) +

2 Hazard Class – Gases

Gas is a substance that:

  • At a temperature of 50C creates a vapor pressure of more than 300 kPa

  • Fully goes into a gaseous state at a temperature of 20C and a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa

Gas transportation conditions are determined taking into account its physical state, which may be as follows: compressed gas, liquefied gas (under low or high pressure), dissolved gas and refrigerated liquefied gas; as well as mixtures of gases, mixtures of one or more gases with vapors of one or more substances of other classes, as well as products equipped with gas and aerosols.

“Cryogenic liquid” means the same as “refrigerated liquefied gas”.

According to the degree of danger during transportation, gases are divided into three categories:

Category 2.1: Flammable Gases (RFG)

Gases that are at a temperature of 20C and a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa:

  1. They are combustible at their 13% content or less in volume in conjunction with air; or

  2. Have a range of concentration limits of ignition in a mixture with air of at least 12%, regardless of the lower concentration limit of ignition. Flammability shall be determined on the basis of tests or calculations using methods adopted by ISO (see ISO 10156: 1996). If the available data are insufficient to use these methods, the tests should be carried out by another comparable method recognized by the relevant national authority.

Category 2.2: Non-flammable, non-toxic gases (RNG)

In this category, the following types of gases are distinguished: asphyxiating, oxidizing and other gases that do not belong to other categories.

Category 2.2 gases are not subject to IATA regulations if they:

  1. They are transported at a pressure of less than 200 kPa at a temperature of 20 ° C and are not liquefied or cooled liquefied gases.

  2. Contained in:

  • Food, including carbonated drinks (excluding UN 1950)

  • Sports balls

  • Tires that meet the conditions of Special provision A59

  • Lighting lamps, provided that they are packed in such a way that the discharge of material from the lamp when it is destroyed will be absorbed by the package.

Category 2.3: Toxic Gases (RPG)

Many hazardous gases of this class (especially Categories 2.1 and 2.3) require prior state approval (special provisions A1 and A2) for their transportation. The main feature of Class 2 hazardous gases is the lack of international standards for its packaging (cylinders).

Priority of hazardous properties:

  • Category 2.3 takes precedence over all other categories.

  • Category 2.1 has priority over category 2.2.

Class 2 also includes aerosols. Aerosols or aerosol sprays are understood as single-use containers made of metal, glass or plastic, containing compressed gases, liquefied or dissolved gases under pressure, with or without liquid, paste or powder, and equipped with a self-closing discharge device that allows spraying solid or liquid contents into mixtures with gas, in the form of foam, paste or powder, or in a liquid or gaseous state.

Aerosols containing gases of category 2.3 and aerosols with contents meeting the criteria of Packing Group I for toxicity or corrosion are prohibited.

3 Hazard class – Flammable liquids

Class 3 includes the following substances:

  1. Flammable liquids

  2. Liquid desensitized explosives

These are liquids or mixtures of liquids, as well as liquids containing solids in a solution or suspension (for example, paints, varnishes, varnishes, etc., except for substances classified otherwise according to their hazardous properties) that emit flammable vapor in a closed a vessel at temperatures no higher than 60 ° C or in an open vessel at temperatures no higher than 65.6 ° C (this temperature is called the flash point).

The main danger is the possibility of the occurrence and rapid development of a fire.

There is no division into categories in this class

Liquid desensitized explosives are substances that dissolve or suspend in water or other liquid substances until a homogeneous liquid mixture is formed in order to suppress their explosive properties.

Liquid desensitized explosives include the following: UN 1204; UN 2059; UN 3064; UN 3343; UN 3357 and UN 3379.

The most famous and common dangerous goods of the third class are motor fuels and oils (gasoline, kerosene), as well as alcohols and spirits.

Flammable liquids are assigned a packing group based on flash point and liquid boiling point.

Definition of packing groups

Packing group Flash point (in closed vessel) Initial boiling point
I ≤35 °С
II <23 °С >35 °С
III ≥23 °С и ≤60 °С

If the liquid has an additional hazard (s), the packing group is determined using this table, and the packing group established by the classes of additional hazard (s) must also be taken into account. In such cases, to determine the correct packing group, it is necessary to use the data on the priority of hazardous properties given in the table.

Viscous substances (such as paints, polishes, enamels, varnishes, glues and varnishes) with a flash point below 23 ° C usually belong to packing group II, but they can belong to packing group III if the following conditions are met:

  • Viscosity and flash point are consistent with the data in the table below;

Criteria of packing group III for viscous substances

Flow time (t) (in seconds) Hole diameter (in mm) Flash point in C (closed vessel)
20 < t ≤ 60 4 above 17
60 < t ≤ 100 4 above 10
20 < t ≤ 32 6 above 5
32 < t ≤ 44 6 above -1
44 < t ≤ 100 6 above -5
100 < t 6 -5 and below

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