Documentation and packaging - Division Future

U Packing dangerous goods

Types of packaging kits.

Dangerous cargoes must be packed in good quality packaging kits, which must be strong enough to withstand the impacts and loads that normally occur during the transport. Packages should be designed and closed in such a way as to prevent any loss of content in preparation for transportation and in the process of transportation itself. Packages (including internal packaging kits and containers) should be closed tightly. When transporting to the outer surface of the packages should not stick any residues of a dangerous substance. Internal packaging kits prone to destruction or easily punched (e.g. made of glass, porcelain, ceramics) should be protected inside the external packaging kit with suitable padding material.

Dangerous goods are divided into packing groups depending on the degree of danger they pose:

  • Packaging Group I – Substances that pose a high risk

  • Packaging Group II – Substances that pose an average danger

  • Packaging Group III – substances that pose a low risk

There are the following types of packaging kits used to transport dangerous goods:

Single packaging is a packaging kit that directly fits a dangerous cargo, such as a canister. It is used for packaging and transport of solid and liquid substances.

Combination packaging is a packaging kit consisting of internal packaging kits placed external packaging. Usually absorbent material is poured into the gaps between the external and internal packaging kit (but it should not potentially react with the substance itself when it flows out). It is used to pack and transport solid and liquid hazardous substances.

Limited Quantity is only carried out in a combined packaging kit.

Composite packaging is a packaging kit consisting of internal containers (inner receples) placed in an external packaging kit, connected to these containers in a non-removable way. Unlike combined packaging kits for composite packaging kits, the term “internal containers” is used because it is used to be used in the same way. they are not usually designed to perform their content functions without an “external packaging kit.”

Safety packaging (Salvage) is a separate packaging kit made of material resistant to any chemical or other effects of dangerous goods leaking or waking up. Safety packaging kits are used to transport damaged, defective, leaking or inappropriate packages, or packages with waking or leaking dangerous goods.

One of these separate packaging kits can be packed with no more than one damaged, defective or leaky package of hazardous goods.

Two types of external packaging kits can be used to transport dangerous goods:

  1. Uncertified packaging kit – any high-quality packaging without special markings for cargo transportation. Dangerous cargo in such packaging can only be transported if the packaging requirements for cargo in Limited Quantities (Limited Quantity) are met.

  2. Certified packaging kit – packaging passed a series of tests in accordance with the recommendations of the UN Commission of Experts. Such packaging has a special marking applied by the manufacturer.

The markings must necessarily start with the UN symbol:

« UN icon”

List of UN-certified packaging kits

View

Material

Category

Code

Drum

A

Steel

With a removable bottom

1A1

With removable bottom

1A2

B

Aluminum

With a removable bottom

1B1

With removable bottom

1B2

D

Plywood

1D

G

Cardboard

1g

H

Plastic

With a removable bottom

1H1

With removable bottom

1H2

N

Metal other than steel or aluminum

With a removable bottom

1N1

With a edible bottom

1N2

Canister

A

Steel

With a removable bottom

3A1

With removable bottom

3A2

B

Aluminum

With a removable bottom

3B1

With removable bottom

3B2

H

Plastic

With a removable bottom

3H1

With removable bottom

3H2

Box

A

Steel

4A

B

Aluminum

4b

C

Natural wood

Normal

4C1

with tightly-snugly walls

4C2

D

Plywood

4d

F

Wood material

4f

G

Fibrocardboard cardboard

4g

H

Plastic

Styrofoam

4H1

solid plastic

4H2

N

Metal other than steel or aluminum

4n

Bag

H

Polymer fabric

No liner or interior cover

5H1

Tight

5H2

waterproof

5H3

H

Polymer film

5H4

L

Textile

No liner or interior cover

5L1

Tight

5L2

waterproof

5L3

M

Paper

Layered

5M1

multi-layered, waterproof

5M2

Composite container

H

Plastic vessel

With an outdoor steel drum

6HA1

With an outdoor steel crate or a drawer

6HA2

With an external aluminum drum

6HB1

With an outdoor aluminum crate or drawer

6HB2

With an outer wooden box

6HC

With an outdoor plywood drum

6HD1

With an outdoor plywood box

6HD2

With an outdoor cardboard drum

6HG1

with an outer box of fibrous cardboard

6HG2

With an external plastic drum

6HH1

with an outer box of solid plastic

6HH2

P

Glass, porcelain or ceramic vessel

With an outdoor steel drum

6PA1

With an outdoor steel crate or a drawer

6PA2

With an external aluminum drum

6PB1

With an outdoor aluminum crate or drawer

6PB2

With an outer wooden box

6pc

With an outdoor plywood drum

6PD1

With an outdoor wicker basket

6PD2

With an outdoor cardboard drum

6PG1

with an outer box of fibrous cardboard

6PG2

with an outer container of Styrofoam

6ph1

With an outer container of solid plastic

6ph2

Light metal container

A

Steel

With a removable bottom

0A1

With removable bottom

0A2

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